what are the challenges of agriculture

Consolidation of fragmented farm lands at the grass-root level under the supervision of the government is the best solution. Consolidation can be done via co-operative farming, corporate farming, and collaborative farming. 6 June 2019 | Jonathan Brooks, Koen Deconinck and Céline Giner. For example, policies to increase the environmental sustainability of agriculture could impose increased costs on farmers and lead to higher prices for consumers. The modern, connected agricultural farm has, literally, … However, food production is only one aspect of the food system. Farmers must meet the changing needs of our planet and the expectations of regulators, consumers, and food processors and retailers. Organisation for Economic, as incomes grow in emerging and developing economies, so too will the demand for meat, fish, and dairy, irrigation of agricultural crops comprises 70% of global water use, agriculture directly contributes to around 11% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, a Global Forum on Agriculture in May 2019. http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/agriculture/10-major-agricultural-problems-of-india-and-their-possible-solutions/20988/, https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-problems-in-the-Agriculture-Sector-in-India-and-how-can-we-solve-them-in-hindi-language, http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2012/05/17/india-agriculture-issues-priorities. “The major challenge in the broad adoption of AI in agriculture is the lack of simple solutions that seamlessly incorporate and embed AI in agriculture. Agriculture can have significant impacts on the environment. Let’s take a look at some of the major problems that India faces in relation to agriculture and their possible solutions. A key challenge for the agriculture sector is to feed an increasing global population, while at the same time reducing the environmental impact and preserving natural resources for future generations. And just like a good meal depends not only on the chef, but also on the quality of the ingredients – so too will good policies depend not only on the policy maker, but also on the input from many stakeholders. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Three key challenges facing agriculture and how to start solving them, © We are now in a good position to reflect on these consequences and to outline various policy options to meet the challenges ahead, perhaps best c… And how should they co-ordinate with policy makers in other agencies or ministries, and with counterparts in other countries? These three challenges – feeding a growing population, providing a livelihood for farmers, and protecting the environment – must be tackled together if we are to make sustainable progress in any of them. ii) Ever-increasing global temperature. The irregularities of the monsoon can destroy the crops and cause hefty losses to the farmers. For instance, raising farm productivity can generate income growth in agriculture, make more food available for consumers at lower prices, and – in some cases – reduce pressure on the environment. The global food system is expected to provide safe and nutritious food to a population that will likely grow from 7.5 billion people today, to nearly 10 billion by 2050. Some regions can easily adapt to facilitate the growth of new crops that can yield a higher quantity of produce. I came across an informative lecture discussing major challenges in Agriculture Sector However, its immensity diminishes with the fact that a vast number of land holdings are fragmented to an extent of being rendered economically unviable. But making progress on this “triple challenge” is difficult, as initiatives in one domain can have unintended consequences in another. Not to mention wastage of the produce. As mentioned before, India produces rice and wheat in abundance. Let’s take a look at some of the major problems that India faces in relation to agriculture and their possible solutions. Globally, most of the people living in extreme poverty are in rural areas where food production is often the most important economic activity. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In addition, irrigation of agricultural crops comprises 70% of global water use, and agriculture directly contributes to around 11% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (mostly through cattle). In fact, agriculture occupies nearly 40% of the earth’s surface, far more than any other human activity. Not only that, our country has the largest area that is used to cultivate cotton, wheat, and rice. In other words, policies that address one part of the triple challenge often end up creating synergies (positive effects) or trade-offs (negative effects) with respect to other objectives—and a single-issue perspective on any objective can lead to unintended impacts on other objectives. In a nutshell, agricultural is vast industry and has an impact on every citizen of the country, either directly or indirectly. Expanding agricultural land can also lead to deforestation, additional GHG emissions, and a loss of biodiversity. So what can policy makers do to address these important challenges, taking into account their interconnectedness? Like any other sector, agriculture too has its own set of challenges, some of which are very critical and impeding. Estimates say that 9.3% of the produce gets wasted because of improper storage and maintenance. Irrigation: Although India is the second largest irrigated country of the world after China, only one … Division of land by the virtue of inheritance has given rise to the problem. The seed banks are playing a crucial role in helping farmers switch to other varieties of crops to facilitate a smooth transition. Not only will there be more mouths to feed, but as incomes grow in emerging and developing economies, so too will the demand for meat, fish, and dairy. The net area under cultivation is close to 141 million hectares.

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