, Nutrient requirements can be compared to wheat and barley, except nitrogen amendment should be increases by 20%. Commonly round spots on lower leaves.  Additionally, this tolerance can also be explained by the higher water use efficiency compared to other oil crops such as linseed and mustard. Can occur at seedling phase or at foliage phase. SAFFLOWER OIL MSDS 1. The safflower plant then produces achenes.  Cultivation on fields with heavy infestation of perennial weeds is not recommended. , Safflower prefers well-drained, neutral, fertile and deep soils. Yellowing leaves at one side of the plant beginning on the lower leaves followed by wilting. The elongated and serrated leaves reach lengths of 10-15 cm and widths of 2.5-5 cm and run down the stem.  Darker shades are achieved by repeating the dyeing process several times, having the fabric dry, and redyed. is one of the most important diseases causing losses up to 50% in India. Severely infected plants die. "The explanation is that there are two parts of the plant which can be used; the pale seeds and the red florets.  Plant performance is highly dependent on the different planting dates in terms of temperature and day length. This stage occurs in winter with short daylength and cold temperature, as the safflower can tolerate frosts up to -7C° during the rosette stage. Yield and seed quality is affected. Rain and high humidity after maturity may cause the seeds to sprout on the head. On older plants leaves turn light green or yellow, then wild and die. The total N recommendation is 90 kg/ha.  In early stages, safflower tolerates humidity but after bud stage the danger of a Botrytis blight infestation increases, Safflower is drought tolerant. , Safflower flowers are occasionally used in cooking as a cheaper substitute for saffron, sometimes referred to as "bastard saffron".. Red-brown necrotic spots on leafs. Disease free seeds, fungicide treatment of seeds, resistant cultivar, hot water treatment of the seeds. Chlorotic areas on leaves. The total period from sowing to harvest maturity varies with variety, location, sowing time and growing conditions; for June or July sowings, it may be about 26-31 weeks. Seeds may rot or seedlings damp off. Each branch will usually have from one to five flower heads containing 15 to 20 seeds per head. , In one review of small clinical trials, safflower oil consumption reduced blood low-density lipoprotein levels – a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases – more than those seen from butter or lard consumption. Seeding rate recommendations are around 17 and 33.5 kg/ha of live seed. The main shoot reaches heights of 30-150 cm (12-59 in).  It can adapt well to soil pH (pH 5-8) and tolerates salinity.  Safflower growing in soils low in phosphorus need to be fertilized.  The dicarpelled, epigynous ovary forms the ovule. A Certificate of Composition which includes a chromatogram is shipped with each product. Temperatures must not exceed 43 °C (109 °F) to prevent damage to the seed and ensure quality. In coloring textiles, dried safflower flowers are used as a natural dye source for the orange-red pigment carthamin. . Usually, row spacing between 15 and 25 cm are chosen using similar drill settings as recommended for barley.. At any stage of growth. Dark, water soaked lesions on stems, leaf petioles and leaves. This page will convert safflower oil from units of weight such as grams and ounces into units of volume such as teaspoons, tablespoons, and cups.  John Chadwick reports that the Greek name for safflower (kārthamos, κάρθαμος) occurs many times in Linear B tablets, distinguished into two kinds: a white safflower (ka-na-ko re-u-ka, knākos leukā, κνάκος λευκά), which is measured, and red (ka-na-ko e-ru-ta-ra, knākos eruthrā, κνάκος ερυθρά) which is weighed. This can be … Drying can be done similar to sunflower. Later plant collapses, Fungicide treatment of seeds, avoid irrigation.  Seeds should fall from the head when rubbed. Fungicide treatment of seeds, rotation, plow under residue, resistant cultivar.  Minimum length of the growing season is 120 and 200 days for summer and winter cultivars, respectively.  Beside drought tolerance, all parts of the plant are sensitive to moisture in terms of diseases. Addendum 5.  In the case of excessive water supply, it is susceptible to root rot.  Therefore, soils with an adequate nitrogen supply are favorable. The shell content of the seeds varies between 30-60%, the oil content of the seeds varies between 20-40%.. Safflower is native to arid environments having seasonal rain. This can be … The chosen variety as well as growing conditions influence the extent of branching. , In Japan, dyers have mastered the technique of producing a bright red to orange-red dye (known as carthamin) from the dried florets of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius).  Moisture in seeds should not exceed 8% to allow for a safe, long-term storage. Safflower seed oil is flavorless and colorless, and nutritionally similar to sunflower oil. Articles of Safflower oil are included as well. Safflower, Carthamus tinctorius, is a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual plant. Flowering commences with terminal flower heads (central stem), followed sequentially by primary, secondary and sometimes tertiary branch flower heads. ", The early Spanish colonies along the Rio Grande in New Mexico used safflower as a substitute for saffron in traditional recipes.  Carthamin is also known, in the dye industry, as Carthamus Red or Natural Red 26. These lateral branches can then branch again to produce secondary and tertiary branches.  Plants are 30 to 150 cm (12 to 59 in) tall with globular flower heads having yellow, orange, or red flowers. The density of the oils varies with each type and temperature. , Safflower prefers high temperatures and growth best at 28-35 ° C . Root development is reduced.  In a field trial in Switzerland, Botrytis cinerea was the most important disease.