The best definition of punishment for dog training purposes is a behavioural one. Positive punishment is an adverse event that occurs directly after the behavior. Negative Punishment When I say the word “correct,” some may automatically think of something awful like hitting or slapping their dog. For example, when a shock collar is used to enforce a recall, the dog is receiving an unpleasant stimulus which stops when he starts to respond to… As a result, your dog is more likely to offer to sit again, so the behavior increases. For example, spanking a child when he throws a tantrum is an example of positive punishment. Positive Punishment: For example, giving a correction to make a behavior less likely to occur again. Punishment in behavioural terms is something that diminishes behaviour. Another form of punishment occurs when a reward is removed as a consequence for a behavior. Positive Reinforcement: For example, giving a treat to make a behavior more likely to occur again. One option is positive reinforcement, which allows your dog to understand and think about an activity or command in a positive way.. Positive Punishment vs. Resource guarding is very common, especially when it comes to food. A fearful dog, for example, can actually learn to relax and enjoy an improved quality of life without the trauma of positive punishment. Punishment is a training technique used to reduce the likelihood of a behavior. That is how we define it. In positive punishment (the addition case), the stimulus is undesirable in some way. Positive trainers use positive reinforcement a lot. Example: The dog sits, he gets a treat; dog is more likely to sit again, perhaps faster. For example, a dog barks at the dinner table begging for food, the owner gives the dog food. If a dog starts growling when you go near its food bowl, positive punishment dictates that you take away a valued resource to combat the problem. What is punishment in dog training. When we are using positive reinforcement to train, we are adding a reward to reinforce the desired behavior. Something is added to the mix (spanking) to discourage a bad behavior (throwing a tantrum). Example scenario: using positive punishment to “solve” food guarding. There are two types of punishment, positive punishment and negative punishment. Teaching your dog through positive reinforcement is simple: it consists of rewarding your dog with treats, strokes and loving words when it correctly carries out an order. A dog receives a punishment directly after the undesired behavior. And the way dogs behave is governed by the laws of behavioural science. Dogs readily trust owners who communicate boundaries clearly and fairly. What is going on? Oddly enough, this type of discipline is called “positive punishment,” and, according to some studies , can tend to build aggression in a dog. It gets added after the dog’s behavior, and that behavior decreases in the future. After all, dog training is about changing behaviour. From the point of view of the dog, he was given (positive) food for barking, so in the future it is very likely that he will continue barking for food at the table (Reinforcement). All of the punishment techniques discussed above are forms of positive punishment, in which the application of an unpleasant stimulus decreases the chance that the pet will repeat the behavior. A bold and energetic dog can learn to earn his resources without potentially dangerous dog/owner confrontations. On the other hand, removing restrictions from a child when she follows the rules is an example … Negative Reinforcement: For example, a dog turning off a behavior which stops the negative thing from happening. The dog’s behavior makes something bad happen. There are many methods and techniques for dog training around the world. Some trainers do use this form of punishment, but incorrect use is proven to be ineffective because it causes aggression and fear in the dog. Many will proceed by removing the dogs food. POSITIVE PUNISHMENT. Some examples of that kind of stimulus would be kicking the dog, jerking its collar, shocking it, or startling it with a loud noise. Negative reinforcement is the removal of an aversive stimulus when a desired behavior is performed. However, with positive punishment, it can be very difficult to get it right and it has been shown to be pretty ineffective for many dogs.