forms of social stratification pdf

CONTENTS Unit 1: Understanding Social Stratification 1 Unit 2: Basic Concepts Relating to Stratification 13 Unit 3: Theories of Social Stratification-I 31 Unit 4: Theories of Social Stratification-II 47 Unit 5: Forms of Social Stratification 70 Unit 6: Caste 96 Unit 7: Class 117 Unit 8: Race and Ethnicity 146 Unit 9: Gender and Stratification 175 Unit 10: Women's Empowerment 202 Class is defined in terms of objective criteria such as economic power, while social class is defined in terms of subjective criteria, such as class consciousness. First, slave belongs to his master to whom he is subjected in all respects. • Educe is also ‘to lead or conduct in a particular direction’. ���$��2��2[�hؒ Z$;)�EJ�a�� Stratification is ranking of people in a society. Class. 397 D). Social stratification can be simply defined by stating that it is a system in which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy (Macionis, page 224). Thirdly, the feudal estates were political groups. The special features of the Indian caste system, which distinguishes the Indian variety from other similar systems of social stratification, consists in this hereditary principle. These two groups possessed political power. Factors which are inter-connected include the gender, sexuality, race and abilities (McDowell et al., 2013). Social Stratification is something which has been visible and emphasized its effects on society. endobj 1 18 PART TWO: EXPLANATIONS OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION: STRATIFICATION THEORIES 4. These criteria include power, status and prestige. The features of slavery in its extreme form are the following. which may help you in your exam preparation or you want to learn about social stratification.. It is the existence of this principle alone that justifies translating Varna dharma as caste- system instead of class-system. Social stratification is a particular form of social inequality. These criteria include power, status and prestige. Stratification is a process of interaction or differentiation whereby some people come to rank higher than others. The feudal estates of Mediaeval Europe had three important characteristics. stream The basis of slavery is economic. (in. In The Republic Plato addresses the Athenian Citizens with the following words: “You are brothers, yet God has framed you differently. <> The master possesses him in the same manner and to the same extent that he possesses his household goods — furniture, utensils, etc. x��Y[o�:~���Gy�"E�����9� }΃�ж���#����3Cɶ.t젍eɜ�7ùP�����IZ�fWu��K��f���߳��'=�K�:��b}yɮ?ް����gθ`���3�J����3�-����ك�&��?��>-��� �Y�^u]���~�ƞ$�ߓ�d۵�p-���x-�z. endobj Sometimes this difference of power and rights exist based on sex also. ?����a8�ys��y���z���~��t��3��8�>O�QШFZ�x �E��F������d:_'j!�Jp�A��r�|.B7�ɿ��d*���t�o?O�ʹ�! Prestige is the degree of social honor attached to your position in society. The master can make him work for as many hours as he wants and in as arduous works as he chooses. Education as a measure of social stratification • Educe ‘bring out’ natural, innate powers. Q. In ancient Greece, the Sophists denounced the institution of slavery as barbaric and unnatural. A distinction is sometimes made between the two terms. To begin with, there has been in all periods of history a conflict between the conception of slave as an object or property and the conception of slave as a human being with inherent emotions, feelings and potentials for growth of personality. O����F0�W�ϕqD�� "���P�S�E�N��d��;����3K��6�s��]�zte#}m�\��c��*�BO�������?�,L �ʗ�-? Power is the ability to get one’s way even in the face of opposition to one’s goals. PDF | No society is classless or without strata. “The decline of European feudalism after the twelfth century is associated with the rise of a third estate, not of the serfs or villains, but of the burghers, who behaved for a long period as a distinctive group within the feudal system before they transformed or overthrew it”. Q. Wealth is all income, property, investments, and other assets. Power is the ability to get one’s way even in the face of opposition to one’s goals. Caste 4. ADVERTISEMENTS: Social Stratification: Forms of Social Stratification and Rural Social Stratification! Second, the question of enjoyment of political rights by slaves does not naturally arise. Social stratification can be classified into four forms - slavery, estates, caste and class. Social Stratification. Hello students, and readers we will share social stratification pdf and social stratification ppt . It prevailed in its extreme form in ancient Greece and Rome and in the southern states of the U.S.A. in the eighteenth century and continued till the third quarter of the nineteenth century. Stratification structures may take various forms of which four are typical: 1. As a matter of fact social stratification in contemporary sociology has […] It should be noted that classical feudalism consisted of only two estates, the clergy and the nobility. © 2017 SociologyDiscussion - All rights reserved, Social Stratification: Meaning, Characteristics and Dimensions, Social Stratification: Meaning, Origin, Development and other Details, Ideal-Typical Perspectives of Modernisation (Two Major Variants), 100 + Sociology Questions & Answers for MA Entrance Exams (2019,2020,2021), 100 + Sociology Questions and Answers for M.Phil Entrance Exams, 100 + Sociology Questions and Answers for Ph.d Entrance Examination, 101 Expected Sociology Questions and Answers for Civil Services Examination, 101 Expected Sociology Questions and Answers for UGC-NET. A society doesn’t need to see stratification based on caste or race. The Concept of Social Stratification 1290 Words | 5 Pages. 1 0 obj Mill. There is a vast literature on the definition of class, or social class. In the first place, the estates were legally defined – each estate having a status in the sense of a complex of rights and duties, of privileges and obligations. 1. 1. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Ranking is made on certain criteria. The voice of protest against the inequities of the institution has been raised in all subsequent periods in all parts of the world. Stratification is part and parcel of social life. In order to induce the talented people to undergo these sacrifices and acquire the training, their future positions must carry an inducement value in the form of a The Marxists look at stratification from the perspective of mode of pro­duction. Ranking is made on certain criteria. Social class is a form of social stratification which impacts on peoples’ lives either negatively or positively. Slavery is an age-old institution. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. A distinction is sometimes … This is the motive force which sustains the institution. Sociology, Social Stratification, Stratification Structures, Forms, Forms of Stratification Structures, © 2017 SociologyDiscussion - All rights reserved Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us. Hello students, and readers we will share social stratification pdf and social stratification ppt . PDF | Housing conditions form an important part of social stratification in many advanced industrial economies. Forms and functions . That the line of demarcation between different- employments or grades of work, “almost equivalent to an hereditary distinction of caste”, was known in the 19th century England was admitted by J.S.

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