Individuals can also be distinguished chromosomally, biochemically, and by their cranial characteristics. They generally live alone with the exception of the long term relationship between a female and her young. Male orangutans’ participation in social groups is limited to sexual “consortship” with females. It’s the physical traits, rather than the strictly genetic ones, that researchers say link orangutans so closely to humans. Scientists have found that orangutans have a sense of empathy and mimicry which forms an essential part of laughter. The orangutan has been seen making tools simple to use for scratching themselves. The pendulous laryngeal sac, when inflated, increases the tone of the animals voice, producing “long calls”. One of their preferred foods is the fruit off of the durian tree, it is supposed to taste like sweet garlic. Wild orangutans use their intelligence to solve problems usually related to arboreal living and food gathering. Hammerhead Sharks: Species, Behavior, Overview, Cite this article as: William Anderson (Schoolworkhelper Editorial Team), "Orangutans: Species, Characteristics, Behavior," in, Orangutans: Species, Characteristics, Behavior. Orangutans are sexually dimorphic. Any socializing a flanged male does is usually interacting with groups to find a female to copulate with. These apes are very smart with a thinking process that is comparable to the rest of the ape species. The baby is completely dependent on mother for everything for nearly two years. https://schoolworkhelper.net/orangutans-species-characteristics-behavior/, The Downy Woodpecker: Habitat, Behavior, Characteristics, Wolves: Habitat, Characteristics, Behaviors, Praying Mantis: Class, Characteristics, Reproduction, The Names of Living Things: Binomial nomenclature, Reasons for Settlement of North America: Religion, Politics & Economics, Eric Walters’ Shattered: Characters & Analysis, Themes and Symbols in To Kill a Mockingbird, “On the Sidewalk, Bleeding”: Analysis & Theme, Hiro Murai’s “Guava Island”: Film Analysis, Alice Dunbar Nelson: Poet, Essayist and Activist, Impact of Globalization- Gini Coefficient, Themes in William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 19. Orangutans are found in the tropical forests of Sumatra and Borneo. In captivity, however, they have been trained to perform tricks and to use sign language. The longer call of the Borneo may be due to the wide distribution of this race. Students and teachers are allowed to use this information for school projects and homework. The sound is referred to as the ‘Long Call’ and it is part of the courtship process. There is a scattered population of orangutan in Indonesian Borneo, Malaysia Borneo and northern Sumatra. She will need to carry it as it won’t be able to easily walk. They have also made tools to throw at humans, get food, and gain leverage. There is a great deal of individual variety in the orangutan. Tests have indicated that their intelligence is relatively similar. Males become sexually mature and fully grown at the age of fifteen. Free proofreading and copy-editing included. It only takes seconds! They have such a high level of intelligence that it manifests in the use of tools within orangutan social groups. Tutor and Freelance Writer. They are pendulous laryngeal sacs from which they can make a long call to attract potential mates. The mother has a menstruation every 29- 32 days and it lasts for three or four days. The orangutan is the largest animal in existence that is arboreal or lives in the trees. Orangutans have the longest infant development period of all the great apes. They may stay longer with their partner because of the presence of large predators absent in the Borneo habitat. The content in this site was created from the following resources. Professional writers in all subject areas are available and will meet your assignment deadline. A flanged (sexually mature) male is the most solitary staying alone most of the time. Orangutans are generally fruit eaters, because fruit is abundant in the forests they inhabit. One thing that was noticed was the different ways two different groups used leaves; one for gloves the other for wiping their chins. The flange in the Sumatra orangutan lie flat against the face and give a wide facial appearance especially in the mid facial region.