It is a small tree with a single or multiple trunks and a widely-spreading crown. An edible oil is obtained from the seed, it tends to go rancid quickly. They are from a common native tree. Arizona Walnut - Juglans major Most common in central Arizona with outliers in Texas, Utah, and New Mexico, this is a walnut of dry habitats, growing in canyons, and alongside watercourses. The seed is rather small, but it is sometimes eaten. A walnut is the nut of any tree of the genus Juglans (Family Juglandaceae), particularly the Persian or English walnut, Juglans regia.. A walnut is the edible seed of a drupe, and thus not a true botanical nut.It is commonly consumed as a nut. : Yes. Arizona Walnut - Juglans major Most common in central Arizona with outliers in Texas, Utah, and New Mexico, this is a walnut of dry habitats, growing in canyons, and alongside watercourses. Click here to learn more about email marketing by Emma.  The 8–14 in long pinnately compound leaves bear 9–15 lanceolate leaflets, 19–32 mm (.75–1.25 in) wide by 51–102 mm (2–4 in) long. In addition to containing high amounts of antioxidants and beneficial fats, the black walnut has more protein than any other nut.The black walnut’s unique sharp and sour-sweet flavor can demand top dollar. Trees & shrubs of Trans-Pecos Texas including Big Bend and Guadalupe Mountains National Parks. The walnut meats inside the hard shell should be fine, but I think they still need to dry/cure - not sure how long, as I've not done that bit. In moister areas, the tree features a single, stout trunk; there are usually several slender trunks in drier situations. Torrey, John. Plant in full sun and provide moderate to ample irrigation. The seed is large and sweet with a thick shell. First, remove the green husks by stomping on them or smashing them with a board on a solid surface (be sure to wear gloves because the juices can stain). Once the nuts are cracked, pick out the nutmeat and eat it raw, roast it or use it like any other nut. (Strange, yes, but the taste is hard to describe—author Samuel Thayer once likened it to really good paint.) Insignificant flowers are followed by small edible nuts. 2016. All rights reserved. Native Plant? Large green compound leaves provide great summer shade. But one of the most exciting wild edible producers I’ve floated under is the towering black walnut tree. Allowing the nuts to dry or “cure” for a few weeks before cracking may improve the flavor and will make it easier to pry the nutmeat from the shell. This broadly rounded, deciduous tree is native to riparian areas in Arizona, New Mexico, west Texas and Mexico. Sun Exposure: Full sun. , Where the range of J. major overlaps that of J. microcarpa, the two interbreed, producing many intermediate forms. I use this part as dye - the tannins and juglone in the green (now black) hull help make a remarkably color-fast dye. , Data related to Juglans major at Wikispecies. The seeds are 25 - 40mm in diameter.  Common names include Arizona black walnut (as it belongs to the "black walnuts" section Juglans sect. Herb: Arizona Walnut Latin name: Juglans major Synonyms: Juglans microcarpa major, Juglans rupestris major, Juglans torreyi Family: Juglandaceae (Walnut Family) Edible parts of Arizona Walnut: Seed - raw or cooked. COCHISE COUNTY MASTER GARDENERS Sierra Vista - Main Office. Juglans major (literally, the larger walnut), also known as Arizona walnut, is a walnut tree which grows to 50 ft tall (15 m) with a DBH of up to 0.61 metres (2 ft) at elevations of 300–2,130 m (1,000–7,000 ft) in Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. Black Walnut (Juglans nigra) Black walnut is most common in the East and Central regions. And for those less inclined to forage for wild food, there are several places to buy wild-harvested and commercially shelled black walnuts online or in retail stores. Copyright © Edible Austin LLC. It is a small tree with a single or multiple trunks and a widely-spreading crown.
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